Depression is a state of feeling mentally low with no energy or interest to do any tasks. Symptoms of depression comprise spells of feeling low, low self-esteem, frustration, anxiety, panic and so on. Depression makes the concerned person disconnected from others and even the person. The indifferent and dark moods would prevail even in matters he or she should actually feel happy about.
The acute sadness caused by depression can create undue anxiety and lost feeling, which is indeed a painful state. The psychological changes and hormonal changes cause depression. Depressions are of various types. Teenage depression occurs in teenage when the teenager finds it difficult to cope with the changes that happen in and around him or her. Postpartum depression or (PPD) affects women after giving birth. The sudden change of role in their life and body changes as a result of pregnancy and child birth are the cause for PPD.
Depression should not be left unattended. If depression is doubted, there are depression tests which you can take. If depression is identified there are treatments like medication, electro-convulsive therapy, psychotherapy etc which will help you gain back your mental health.
Postpartum depression is almost like depression. It is normal for a mother to feel anxious, tearful and in moodiness after birth due to the sudden and total changes in her lifestyle. This condition is referred to as baby blues and will fade away soon. 50% women experience baby blues after delivery. In this case treatment is not necessary. The support and care from family will help her tide over baby blues or postpartum blues.
Postpartum depression, however, is different from baby blues. It is severe depression that needs treatment. It is experienced within first 4 weeks of delivery. Sometimes it happens sooner or later. Placenta produces many hormones in the body which results in changes in hormone level. After delivery, further changes occur in the body, taking the body hormone on a roller coaster ride, resulting in postpartum depression.
The signs of postpartum depression include irritability, agitation, feelings of worthlessness and guilt. The tendency to withdraw and isolate from people around is seen in depressed mothers. Sleeplessness as well as over sleeping is noticed in them. Decreased appetite, tiredness, trouble to concentrate also are signs of postpartum depression. In severe cases suicidal tendencies and hatred towards her baby are observed.
Mothers under twenty and those who conceived without plan are more prone to postpartum depression. Smoking, drugs and alcohol during pregnancy increases the chance of postpartum depression besides hampering the health of baby and mother. Recurrence of the depression in other pregnancies is also noted if once encountered with the condition. Other factors that can lead to postpartum depression are stress experienced by the mother prior to, during, and after childbirth. Financial problems, death of someone very close, disease during pregnancy, difficulty during delivery and premature delivery are other reasons that can cause stress to the mother.
Postpartum depression sometimes goes unnoticed. Family members should keep an eye for signs and if there are symptoms should take measures to treat the condition fast.